The Carpenter Gothic Revival style Bunnell House captures the interest of people driving buy along the Mississippi River near Homer on US. Highway 61. The home’s simple, but yet ornate and unpainted board structure was constructed in the 1850’s by Willard Bunnell, one of Winona County’s first settlers. Bunnell made his money through development and the timber industry. The distinctive home is on the National Register of Historic Places “for having state-level significance in the themes of architecture, commerce, and exploration/settlement. ” The home was Minnesota’s first permanent white home south of St. Paul and Bunnell’s second home, his first being a log cabin he built after receiving permission from Chief Wapasha III to build a log cabin on the west bank of the Mississippi.
Lafayette Bunnel, Willard’s younger brother, also made the journey westward to the Minnesota Territory from Homer, New York. Lafayette’s life was filled with a variety of unique adventures that took eventually him far from southeast Minnesota. He was a soldier and doctor in the War with Mexico and later in the Civil War where he served with Minnesota’s Company K. During the Gold Rush era he traveled to California and joined Mariposa Battalion, the first non-Indians to enter Yosemite Valley. Bunnell is credited for naming the Valley. He later returned to the home where he wrote his account of discovering Yosemite; he died at the Bunnell home in 1903. It was fun to find his account of the discovery in the Library of Congress Collections.
The home is now property of the Winona County Historical Society. Lafayette’s life, as told through his memories, is the subject of an enjoyable, sometimes humorous, and very informative short play presented this summer in the historic home’s living/ dining room. The play is produced by the Historical Society and Theatre Du Mississippi.
I had no idea that someone who lived within walking distance of my home had a role so significant in the establishment of our national parks! What’s in your back yard?
Primary and Secondary Sources
- Discovery of the Yosemite, and the Indian war of 1851, which led to that event. By Lafayette Houghton Bunnell
- Evolution of the Conservation Movement, 1850-1920 (A Library of Congress Collection)
- Bunnelll-Bonnell Family History
- Lafayette Bunnell
- Willard Bunnell House
- Wapasha Praire to Winona: Winona’s Early History
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A recent CBS morning news feature on Minnesota’s Northwest Angle caught my attention, reminding me of our interesting and unique visit to the most northern port of Minnesota a few years ago. The Northwest angle is that part of Minnesota but only shares a land border only with Canada. The rest of the Angle is part of large Lake of the Woods. We made it to the Angle directly from the west via Manitoba, traveling there by land requires leaving the United States, entering Canada, and then reentering Minnesota.
This unique geographic feature is the result of a mapping error by a mapmaker and erroneous ideas about the source of the Mississippi. Now part of the Library of Congress Map collections, the Mitchell map depicts land as known in 1757 and when the Treaty of Paris was signed after the Revolutionary War.
Our favorite memory of visiting Angle Inlet is getting there by gravel road and stopping at Jim’s Corner, the customs checkpoint where we reported our arrival via videophone. The roadside stand reminded me of a telephone booth. Angle Inlet has a small post office, community store, and a modern one-room elementary school. Older students travel 60 miles to attend high school. Resorts offering lodging and recreation provide employment for the year-round residents and support the tourism industry.
Our visit to Angle Inlet was brief, but we learned a great deal about a local history, enjoyed a beautiful setting, and have great memories.
A map of the British and French dominions in North America, with the roads, distances, limits, and extent of the settlements, humbly inscribed to the Right Honourable the Earl of Halifax, and the other Right Honourable the Lords Commissioners for Trade & Plantations. Library of Congress Map Collections
Angle Inlet School is a one-room throwback. Minneapolis Star Tribune, May 30, 2015.
In the years leading up to World War II the German government destroyed millions of books considered undesirable to the Nazis way of thinking and how others should think or what they should learn. Throughout the book burning era,” 37 archives, 402 museums, 531 institutions and 957″ libraries were destroyed. Americans and institutions such as the American Library Association took action by organizing efforts to provide books for the growing number of Americans serving in the military who lacked the basics, including reading materials at military bases. Author Molly Manning provides an interesting (and sometimes humorous) account of what transpired in When Books Went to War: The Stories that Helped us Win World War II. (Houghton-Mifflin, 2014)
The initial goal of the Victory Book Campaign (VBC) was collecting 10,000,000 hardbound books through country-wide book drives. Hardbound books proved cumbersome and donated books were not always “suitable.” A newly formed group, the Council of Books in Wartime, led efforts to first purchase paperback books and the eventual publication of Armed Services Editions from 1942 – 1947. Millions of these small-sized editions representing popular and classic words of fiction and non-fiction were distributed to American military personnel throughout the world. Some titles such as The Great Gatsby and Tree Grows in Brooklyn remain at the literary forefront; others such as the popular Chicken on Sunday and Our Hearts were Young and Gay have faded from our reading tastes but provided enjoyable reading to thousands. The VBC and the ASE are credited with providing entertainment and comfort for members of the military. The projects also helped soldiers become readers and later college students under the GI Bill.
School library media specialists will relate to the familiar situations of attempted censorship of “hot” titles such as Forever Amber (always on a waiting list), limited funding, and unsuitable donations. The New York Telegraph explained, “too many people looked upon the voluntary campaign an opportunity to get rid of books that nobody would want.” There were also political issues. One senator thought the female ALA president was incapable of managing the VBC; another opposed the government’s involvement in publishing books with political overtones.
Manning’s book is an interesting and informative narrative. She become interested in the ASE and VBC when she discovered letters servicemen wrote to authors. Berlin’s Bebelplatz has a memorial to the 1933 book burning; there is not a memorial to the ASE and VBC in the United States. Manning hopes her book “may serve as a memorial to those efforts.” (Afterward)
This not too widely known aspect of life on the homefront during World War II is a unique topic for student research. Some suggested resources for student researchers are:
- Books in Action: The Armed Services Editions. Library of Congress Blog. Includes photos of the small-sized books.
- Books Join the Battle: The Victory Book Campaign. Life on the Homefront: Oregon Responds to World War II.
Photo: Victory Book Campaign. Soldiers of Fort Myer, Virginia, in Statuary Hall of the Capitol, receiving books donated by members of Congress for 1943 Victory Book Campaign
The Digital Public Library of America is a relatively new aggregated collection of digital resources in varied formats from more than 1,600 contributing institutions, including libraries, archives, museums, and entities such as public radio stations. DPLA released 30 primary source sets for educators last fall; additional sets were recently released.
The sets are designed by educators and an education advisory panel to help teach content, facilitate inquiry, and support research in overlapping curriculum topics related to American history, literature, and culture.
The set landing page has a clean, uncluttered look. An easily identifiable pictorial icon for each set invites a quick browse through the available titles. Each set includes 15–20 resources represented by an icon, a teaching guide, and additional resources for research. Set topics include the Panama Canal, Chinese immigration, the atomic bomb, A Raisin in the Sun, Little Women, and the postwar rise of the suburbs.
All Primary Source Sets have the same layout and features. As an example The Impact of Television on News Media includes photos, text, and video and audio recordings. A brief black-and-white video clip of President John F. Kennedy urging the press to use discretion when covering news events intrigued me. In an audio interview, a journalist explains the increasing power of television network news. Photos depict early television personalities and televisions; a text chapter addresses the impact of television on news. These resources all invite close reading, viewing, and listening while also offering multiple approaches to learning at different levels. The set teaching guide includes discussion questions, classroom activities, and primary source analysis suggestions. There are also links to Document Analysis Worksheets from the National Archives and Using Primary Sources materials from the Library of Congress.
Excerpted from THE NEW MEDIA CENTER: Resources for the New Media Specialist–DPLA’s Primary Source Sets and Ben’s Guide, Refreshed! January/February 2015, Published by Information Today Full article
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A fun part of exploring primary sources is discovering unique artifacts that are not what we typically expect. One example is an interview with James Naismith, the inventor of basketball that was recently discovered by a Kansas University Professor.
The interview inspired me to renew my search for Library of Congress resources about the Harlem Rens. I learned about the Rens while watching On the Shoulders of Giants: An Audio Journey Through the Harlem Renaissance, a movie based on Kareen Abduhl Jabbar’s audio book. The film is about so much more than basketball! Primary sources support the fascinating narrative of segregation, civil rights and of course the Rens. Jabbar was at the showing. It was incredibly inspiring.
LOC has a few items related to the Rens.
Genial Robert Douglas, who operates the Renaissance Casino, with his cat Rennie (Photograph showing Douglas, owner of the Renaissance Casino in Harlem and founder of the Renaissance Five basketball team, holding his cat.)
S.Con.Res.57 – A concurrent resolution recognizing the contributions of African-American basketball teams and players for their achievements, dedication, and contributions to the sport of basketball and the Nation.
I could almost hear everyone’s head spinning with curriculum ideas!
What are your ideas for incorporating sports and sports history into the curriculum?
Today in History & New York mayoral proclamation (2013)
The Harlem Rens (Black Fives Foundation)
LOC: Primary Source Sets , eBook Student Discovery Sets and teaching ideas
Jim Crow and Segregation
On the Shoulders of Giants: The Story of the Greatest Team You Never Heard Of, 2011 historical sports documentary film directed by Deborah Morales, written by Kareem Abdul-Jabbar and Anna Waterhouse.
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I get lots of compliments and questions about how I successfully keep my many pots of geraniums over winter. It’s so easy!!! When it begins to freeze I move them to a dark, cool basement room. The only light comes through a small east facing window. We do nothing with them. When they begin to show signs of green (usually March) we move them in front of a large south-facing main floor window. As they grow I fertilize and prune tall stalks. In May, or earlier if is warm enough, we move the outside! I continue fertilizing and pruning as needed, using pruned stalks to fill in any gaps. Some of the larger plants are six or seven years old!
“It’s been such a good thing for the school!” The comment from Julie, a parent involved in planning a new high school media center implemented a decade ago, summed it up well. Yes, it was and still is a good thing. And for me, it was one of several media-center-planning experiences. But what would I do now? Are the media centers we were proud of that many years ago still adequate and functional?
Planning was once relatively prescriptive. We considered the number of square feet needed per student; shelving for books and magazines; designated spots for circulation, reference, conference rooms, storage, and perhaps for some, a video production studio; a teaching classroom; soft seating; and, by the early 1980s, computer labs. Within a few years, school-wide internet access and wireless technology added further complexity to the decision making. The challenge of making good decisions about facilities continues to evolve.
New article of interest: From Library Media Center to MEDIAPLEX, School Library Connection, October 2015. The article by Diane Rupertand Michael McCullough describes on an interesting approach to a remoded, some new concepts and challenges two to high school media specialists.